Rubén M.Cenzano

Chartered Civil Engineer specialised in Transportation

Ingeniero de Caminos especialista en Transporte

air pollution could be pushing up crime

Posted On Thursday, 14 January 2016


A growing body of scientific literature tells us that air pollution is bad for the brain. Fine particles and ozone are neurological irritants, reducing productivity, weakening cognitive skills, and encouraging anti-social behaviour as they enter the body. And as with noise pollution, the physical discomfort induced by breathing air layered with carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide can lead to more aggressive actions, too.

A new working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research goes further, linking air pollution to violent crime in Chicago, a city trellised by smoggy highways. On days when they were on the downwind side of the interstate, neighbourhoods saw roughly 2.2% more violent crimes—homicide, rape, assault, and battery—than they did on upwind days. There was no effect on property crime. What’s more, the increase in violent crime was driven mostly by arrests for aggravated battery, while arrests for aggravated assault actually decrease. That is to say, offenders become more physical engaged with victims.

Researchers made a rough-sketch calculation as to how much pollution-induced crime is costing the U.S., assuming that the criminological effects of air pollution scales with population. The U.S. loses $100-200 million annually to pollution-induced crime.


Powered by Blogger.

Labels

accessibility acs airbag airport amsterdam analysis anpr app APTA arduino athens auckland audi australia ballasttamper bateadora battery belgium berlin beter benutten bid BMI Boston uni bratislava brazil bridge BRT building bus bus bunching bus stop business case cable-stayed cadiz califormia camouflage canada cancun car club car sharing carpooling challenge CHIC chicago china CILT colombia commitments commuting congestion charge connected vehicle construction consultation copenhagen crane creativeness crime crowdfunding cycling dam demolition DfT diabetes diesel differential gear disabled disaster distance diversity dot dragados driverless driving drone dublin e-road eCall economy edinburgh Edinburgh uni edu efficiency electric vehicle emergency emergency brake energy enforcement engineering enrique dans ephemeris escalator estonia ethics ETSC EU europe evaporation EVP extreme fares ferry financing finland flight floating car flooding france free software freight FT funding gentrification germany GHSA global debt google greece green wave guide health HEAT heavy equipment helsinki HGV high speed hong kong HOT HOV hydrogen hyperloop iberoamerica ice IEA implosion india INEA infringement interchange intersection investment ireland isochrone israel italy ite ITS japan junction design koolicar korea lake lane width last mile LatAm latvia LEZ lighting lithuania london LOS los angeles low cost lyft MaaS madrid maersk line maglev McGill uni megaproject melbourne microsimulation milan mirror mistake mit mobile mobility mobility plan modelling montreal nacto netherlands new materials NGO nhtsa no car day noise nokia north america norway nutonomy nyc nz ocean on demand online learning online tools open data oregon oslo oulu parking pavement pedestrian peru petrol phantom traffic jam philadelphia platooning PnR poland pollution PPP probability protected intersection public transport R&D rail railroad real time renewable energy road charging road construction roundabout rubber russia safety samsung san francisco saudi scandinavia scania schipol school science SCOPE scotland seville sharing economy siemens signpost singapore skyscraper skytran slovakia smart city smart network smart parking snow south africa spain speed camera spinlister statistics stockholm stress structural steel subway SUMP sustainability sweden Swinburne uni switzerland tallinn tax taxi TCRP TED tel aviv TEN-T tenerife tensegrity tesla texas text and drive tfl thermodynamics time lapse tispol tokio toll road toronto traffic congestion traffic light traffic management transport planning travel TRL tunnel turin turkey uber UITP UK UN underground urban planning usa usdot v2i v2v viaduct vigo vision zero VMT volvo walkup washington weigh-in-motion wellington WHO winter wireless charging works WPT WRI wtf zipcar
/

Contact Form

Name

Email

Message